Southern Africa Resource Watch


The Popularisation of the
DRC New Mining Code.

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has new Mining Code Since 2018. The 2018 mining code replaces Law no 007/2002 of 11 July 2002 on the Mining Code In 2002. Unlike the 2002 mining code which was drafted by the World Bank, the new mining code is result of collaborative efforts by the DRC government, Congolese civil society and mining companies. The 2002 mining code was criticised for being pro-investors and was not properly implemented, leaving room for abuse.
This project will popularise the new code among all stakeholders: government, mining companies, and the population. The objective is for government and companies to implement the code in its entirety, and for the population to hold them to account.


Mining Companies Social Corporate Investment in Zambia: The case of First Quantum Minerals

First Quantum Minerals is one of the biggest investments in the Zambia mining sector. It is also the biggest contributor to government budget through tax payments. However, there are serious concerns about its corporate social investment and the impact of its activities on mining communities. Mining communities around its operations continue to complain about poor corporate-community engagement and negative impacts from pollution, poor social benefits, and displacement. This study of First Quantum Minerals will examine the effectiveness of corporate social investment of mining companies in Zambia. It will propose reforms that will position mining companies’ corporate social investment as a tool for sustainable development in support of the sustainable development goals.


Turning the D.R.C Artisanal Cobalt into Development

Artisanal mining contributes approximatively 20 per cent of total annual cobalt production in the DRC. The DRC is a major producer of this strategic metal, with 65 per cent of the world Cobalt reserves, and contributing 60 per cent of world production. Cobalt is one of the strategic metals that manufacturers, especially car manufacturers, are looking for to make electrical batteries. With pressure mounting to reduce the CO2 emission, key metals, such as Cobalt, have acquired a strategic importance for the world economy, and the price of Cobalt has tripled on the international market. However, there are concerns about the human rights issues linked with the cobalt produced by artisanal miners, and there are attempts to undermine the very existence of artisanal mining in the DRC. Environmental impact and the issue of child labour and of vulnerable persons (such as pregnant women) in artisanal mining activities have been raised as concerns. A number of international actors are concerned that artisanal production is negatively affecting the supply chain, leading to threats to boycott DRC cobalt. This project will propose ways to clean up artisanal production and guarantee the supply chain.